Jane was waiting for her son, who had promised her to driver her to the library. Since Jane had received a diagnosis of dementia, she depends on her kids to go to the library. Before, Jane would take the subway train but now she no longer feels confident to take the train. Now she finds train schedules frustrating. She has to wait until one of her adult children takes her to the library.     

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Navigation (Way Finding)


Rachel stood on the cross street trying to find the street name–a diagnosis of dementia did not stop Rachel from continuing with her life. Rachel had to adapt but she was happy that she was not confined to her home. As her neighborhood kept changing, and the old shops were replaced by the new ones, Rachel did find it difficult to navigate. Now she was at a cross street trying to locate the street name.

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Social Network


Our family, neighbors, and friends who accompany us through ups and downs of life form our social network. Social network also includes our acquaintances from our neighborhoods e.g., uber drivers that we frequently share rides with, cashiers at various stores, cafe owners, staff at gym, doctors, and people we meet in various activity clubs. We look forward to our interactions with people in our social networks and our connection with our social network enriches our life.    

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The availability of transportation is a critical factor for enabling community participation. For many persons with dementia, driving is still the primary method of transportation. Persons with dementia are able to drive safely as long as they are able to use their visuospatial skills effectively. Their judgment regarding what other drivers are doing, attention to road signs and responses may not be affected by dementia. Some persons with dementia limit their driving to familiar places, or during daytime or only in good weather.  

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